IVDD stands for Intervertebral Disc Disease, a common spinal condition in dogs. It occurs when the discs that cushion the vertebrae in a dog's spine degenerate or become damaged. These discs act like shock absorbers between the bones of the spine.
When IVDD occurs, the inner gel-like material of the disc can herniate or rupture through the outer layer. This can lead to pressure on the spinal cord or nerves, causing pain, weakness, and in severe cases, paralysis.
IVDD is more common in certain breeds, particularly those with long backs like Dachshunds, Corgis, and Bulldogs. It can be a progressive condition, and early detection and treatment are crucial for the best outcome. Treatment options can range from medication and strict rest to surgery, depending on the severity of the case. Additionally, supportive measures like using a dog back brace or physical therapy may be recommended to aid in recovery.